Foreign policy has always been an extension of the domestic policy of national actors in the international arena. It is an array of strategies and plans to actualise the national policy objectives of individual actors. This can be achieved through diplomacy, cooperation, negotiation, collaboration, grouping and other instruments of foreign policy like economic manipulations, propaganda, and even war when it is the last option and remains credible as an instrument to achieve peace.

For instance the foreign policy objectives of the Nigerian nation are elucidated in the 1999 Constitution as follows:

(a) promotion and protection of the national interest;

(b) promotion of African integration and support for African unity;

(c) promotion of international co-operation for the consolidation of universal peace and mutual respect among all nations and elimination of discrimination in all its manifestations;

(d) respect for international law and treaty obligations as well as the seeking of settlement of international disputes by negotiation, mediation, conciliation, arbitration and adjudication; and

(e) promotion of a just world economic order.

Nigeria is faced with combating insecurity, fighting corruption and revamping its economy, naturally its foreign policy will be targeted at plans and strategies to confront those three vital challenges at the international fora.